Caleb S.
Caleb S.

How to Cite in Chicago Style - Examples and Tips

17 min read

Published on: May 2, 2018

Last updated on: Jan 2, 2023

Chicago Format Style and Citation

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A Chicago manual of style 17th is different from APA and MLA. There are different citation styles that have different structures and styles and learning about them helps you in many ways. It was introduced by Kate L. Turabian who was an educator by profession.

She wrote A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations, which is based on The Chicago Manual of Style, the citation and referencing style guide published by the University of Chicago Press.

The Turabian style manual is named after her as she wrote the work to help high school and above students to format their academic work like research papers, dissertations, and theses according to it.

The Chicago Manual is for publishers, professional researchers, and scholars. It teaches them how they could structure their papers and dissertations according to the Chicago style. If you are here to understand this somewhat different citation style then you are in luck.

The following blog will help you understand it easily and quickly.

What Is the Chicago Style Writing Style?

The Chicago Manual of Style citation is published by the University of Chicago Press. It has complete and detailed instructions about how to structure and style your research papers and publications. It includes guidelines for citation, content formatting, and how to quote other work in your paper.

Common Chicago format paper guidelines are given below:

  • 12 pt. standard font size
  • Times New Roman font style
  • Double spaced text
  • 1-inch margins on all four sides of the paper
  • New paragraphs ½ inch indented
  • Page numbers either placed at the top right or bottom center

How to do Chicago Style Citation?

When formatting in the Chicago style, you will need to take care of a number of things. Since it is different from an APA and MLA style. It includes footnotes and endnotes, students often find it difficult and challenging to understand. However, with diligence, you can understand and learn how to do it properly.

For a complete and detailed explanation, refer to the following sections:

  • Title Page or Cover Page
  • Headings
  • Paragraph Format
  • Citation and References
  • In-Text Citation
  • Footnotes
  • Chicago Format Sample

Chicago Style Title Page

Unlike APA style paper, a Chicago style paper does not need a proper title page. Usually, adding the main essay title at the start of the first page. However, if your teachers ask you to add one then you can follow the Chicago or Turabian format guidelines for it.

Write the title page in the same font as the entire paper. Align the entire text in the center and add double spaces between them. If your essay has a subtitle, than end the main title, then end the main title with a colon and add the subtitle below it. Bold both the title and subtitle and keep the same font size.

To add the title and subtitle, move about 1/3 down the page range. And about 2/3 down the page to add other additional information. This information may include your name, your class roll number, the course title, and the date of submission.

The title page will not have a page number and the page numbering will start from the second page.

Chicago Style Heading

Use capitalization for all the headings. If your paper has different levels of heading like the main chapters and sections then make it obvious for the readers.

However, make sure that you use the same style and font for all the same level headings. For example, all the main headings should have the same style. And the sections and subheadings should have the same style and size.

To make it simple, use a one or two-point larger font style for the chapter headings. The section headings should be bold, and italics for subsection headings.

Chicago Style Quotes

Blockquotes are added in the Chicago style paper. These block quotes do not use quotation marks and both prose quotations have five or more than five lines. And poetry quotations of two or more than two lines are presented in block quotes form.

Instead of the quotation marks, a blank line is added to distinguish it from the other text of the paper. Chicago style block quotes are indented and single-spaced, unlike the rest of the text.

Chicago Style Citation Bibliography and References

Chicago references and bibliography lists are not as double-spaced as the other text. Instead, you will need to leave a blank line between the entries. In case any entry continues to the next line then the next line will be ½ inch indented.

If you want to create an annotated bibliography, you will follow the same formatting style as for the bibliography. However, the annotation under each source will be indented and double-spaced.

Chicago Style Annotated Bibliography Example:

Battle, Ken. "Child Poverty: The Evolution and Impact of Child Benefits." In A Question of Commitment: Children's Rights in Canada, edited by Katherine Covell and Howe, R. Brian, 21-44. Waterloo, ON: Wilfrid Laurier University Press, 2007.

Ken Battle draws on a close study of government documents, as well as his own research as an extensively published policy analyst, to explain Canadian child benefit programs. He outlines some fundamental assumptions supporting the belief that all society members should contribute to the upbringing of children. His comparison of child poverty rates in a number of countries is a useful wake-up to anyone assuming Canadian society is doing a good job of protecting children. Battle pays particular attention to the National Child Benefit (NCB), arguing that it did not deserve to be criticized by politicians and journalists. He outlines the NCB’s development, costs, and benefits, and laments that the Conservative government scaled it back in favor of the inferior Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB). However, he relies too heavily on his own work; he is the sole or primary author of almost half the sources in his bibliography. He could make this work stronger by drawing from others' perspectives and analyses. However, Battle does offer a valuable source for this essay, because the chapter provides a concise overview of government-funded assistance currently available to parents. This offers context for analyzing the scope and financial reality of child poverty in Canada.

Below, we have added an explanation about how to cite sources.

For Papers and Assignments:

Chicago Style Assignment Reference Examples

For Audio Sources:

Chicago Style Audio Reference Examples

For Chicago Style Film Citation:

Chicago Style Film Examples

Chapters in an Edited Book:

Chicago Style Edited Book Reference Examples:

For Chicago Style Book Citation:

Chicago Style Books Reference Examples

For Books with Two Writers:

Chicago Style Books with Two Authors Examples

Chicago Style Citation for Multiple Authors:

Chicago Style Citation for Multiple Authors Examples)

For an Edited Book or Work:

Chicago Style For Edited Book Examples

For Books with No Date of Publication:

Chicago Style Books with No Publication Dates Examples

For Multiple Books by the Same Writer:

Chicago Style Multiple Books by the Same Author Examples

For Works with Multiple Volumes:

Chicago Style Books with Multiple Volumes Examples

For a Translated Work:

Chicago Style Multiple Books by the Same Author Examples

For an Edited Translation Work:

Chicago Style Edited and Translated Books Examples

For a Work of an Organization:

Chicago Style Work of an Organization Examples

For Government Publications and Works:

Chicago Style Government Publications Examples

For Government Reports:

Chicago Style Government Reports Examples

For the Print Conference Papers:

Chicago Style Print Conference Papers Examples

For an Online Conference Paper:

Chicago Style Online Conference Paper Examples

For the Conference Proceedings:

Chicago Style Conference Proceedings Examples

For Datasets:

Chicago Style Datasets Examples

For the Dataset Repository:

Chicago Style Dataset Repository Example

For the Deposit Record of the Dataset:

Chicago Dataset Deposit Record Example

For the Dataset Description Article:

Chicago Style Dataset Description Article Example

For e-Books:

Chicago Style eBook Examples

For a Chapter in an Electronic Book:

Chicago Style Chapter in an Electronic Book Example

For an e-Journal from a Full-Text Database:

 Chicago Style eJournal Examples

For Online Chicago Style Journal Citation:

Chicago Style Online Journals Examples

For the Image Reproduced in a Book:

Chicago Style Reproduced Image in a Book Example

For the Image from a Database:

Chicago Style Image from a Database Examples

For an Online Image:

 Chicago Style Online Image Examples

For an Original Image or Work of Art:

Chicago Style Original Image Example

For a Book Image:

Chicago Style Book Image Examples

For a Book Chapter Image:

Chicago Style Book Chapter Image Example

For a Newspaper Image:

Chicago Style Newspaper Image Example

For Online Documents:

Chicago Style for Online Documents Example

For Government Publication Document:

Chicago Style Government Publication Document Example)

For Chicago Style Citation Website:

Chicago Style for a Complete Website Example

For a Blog Entry:

 Chicago Style for a Blog Example

For Analytics report:

Chicago Style Analytics Report Example

Chicago Style Citation for Journal Article:

Chicago Style Journal Article Example

For a Reported Case:

Chicago Style Reported Case Example

For Legislation:

Chicago Style for Legislation Example)

For Hansard:

Chicago Style Hansard Examples

For Print Newspaper Article:

Chicago Style Print Newspaper Article Examples

For a Full-Text Newspaper Article:

 Chicago Style Full-Text Newspaper Article Example

For an Online Newspaper Article:

Chicago Style Online Newspaper Article Example

For Podcast References:

 Chicago Style Podcast Example

For an LMS Podcast Lecture:

Chicago Style LMS Podcast Lecture Example

For a Radio Programme Podcast:

Chicago Style Radio Programme Podcast Example

For a Television Program Podcast:

Chicago Style Television Program Podcast Example

For Social Media References:

Chicago Style Social Media Reference Example

For a Blog Post:

Chicago Style Blog Post Example

For a Facebook Page:

Chicago Style Facebook Page Example

For a Facebook Post:

Chicago Style Facebook Post Example

For a Tweet on Twitter:

Chicago Style Twitter Tweet Example

For a Chicago Style Citation for Movie or Video on YouTube, Vimeo etc.:

Chicago Style Movie Example

For an Instagram Post:

Chicago Style Instagram Post Example

For an App:

Chicago Style App Example

For a Game:

Chicago Style Game Example

For an Unpublished Thesis:

 Chicago Style Unpublished Thesis

For a Published Thesis:

Chicago Style Published Thesis Example

For a Full-Text Database Thesis:

Chicago Style Full Text Database Example

Chicago Style Citation for Interview:

Published Interview in Publication: Last Name, First Name. Interview with First Name Last Name. Publication Title. Publication Information.

Published Interview in Radio/Television: Last Name, First Name. Interview with First Name Last Name. Program Title. Network, Call letters, Date Interviewed.

Unpublished Interview: Last Name, First Name. Interview by First Name Last Name. Interview Type. Location, Date Interviewed.

Chicago Style In-Text Citation

Chicago format style offers two options for citation, which are author and date version and bibliography version. In the former citation style, the name of the author and year of publication are placed in Chicago Style parenthetical citation. When using this referencing style, you can either add the name and date at the beginning of the quote. You can also add it in the parenthesis at the end.

For Example: Williams (2016) put forward his theory to prove his point and claims. However, some fellow researchers have contradicted the idea (Johnson, 2018).

In the notes and bibliography style citation, the footnotes or endnotes are added at the end of the page. The reader is directed to them through the superscripted numbers added in the text. The footnotes or the endnotes are added at the end of the relevant word, phrase, or clause. It is added after punctuation.

However, a difference between them is that the Chicago-style endnotes have a separate page. By clicking on the superscripted number in the content will take the reader to it.

Chicago Style Numbers and Acronyms

As per the Chicago format guidelines, you should not use numerals or acronyms at the beginning of the sentence. Moreover, for the numbers that are less than 100, write it in words. For example, for 90 or 95, use ‘ninety’ and ‘ninety-five’.

Similarly, for the acronyms, use their full form the first time when you use them in the paper. Afterward, you can refer to the acronym. For example, The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU).

Chicago Style Footnote Citation

How to do the Chicago Style footnote? Footnotes are placed at the bottom of each page and in the same font size as all the text. Usually, it is added with a specific word, name, or phrase. Clicking on the superscript number takes the reader to the bottom of the page.

To create the footnote, use Word’s automatic footnotes function.

Chicago Style Citation Example

Chicago format paper will help you understand how to format and write a Chicago format paper successfully.

Chicago Style Citation Maker

Can I use an automatic citation maker for my Chicago format reference list? Yes, you can but you will need to be careful that it has added all the details in it. Usually, these citation format makers may not be as effective as students consider them to be. When using it, make sure that you check them thoroughly before adding them to your paper.

To save yourself from the hassle of writing a detailed Chicago-style paper, you can get affordable and professional help. All of the writers that work with are native speakers and we offer 100% zero plagiarism papers to everyone.

Fill our online form to place your order.

Caleb S.


Caleb S. (Literature, Marketing)

Caleb S. has been providing writing services for over five years and has a Masters degree from Oxford University. He is an expert in his craft and takes great pride in helping students achieve their academic goals. Caleb is a dedicated professional who always puts his clients first.

Caleb S. has been providing writing services for over five years and has a Masters degree from Oxford University. He is an expert in his craft and takes great pride in helping students achieve their academic goals. Caleb is a dedicated professional who always puts his clients first.

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