Caleb S.
Caleb S.

Thesis Introduction: A Step by Step Guide With Examples

12 min read

Published on: Apr 11, 2019

Last updated on: Feb 28, 2023

Thesis Introduction

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Are you struggling to write an engaging introduction for your thesis? You're not alone.

For most students, the introduction is the scariest part of thesis writing. They are often not clear about the elements that should be included to make it interesting. 
Well, you don't need to worry now!

In this detailed guide, we'll show you how to create an interesting and effective thesis introduction that will hook your readers from the start. Even if you're feeling stuck, our guide will provide you with standard moves and samples to get you on the right track. 

And don't stress if it's not the first thing you write - in fact, it's often the last. So take a deep breath and let's dive in.

What is a Thesis Introduction?

The introduction is the first chapter of your thesis paper. It narrows down a broad subject and directs its focus to a specific point.

Similarly, it also serves as a mind map highlighting the central theme, writing styles, and supporting points. These aspects set the stage for the writing process.

Moreover, a thesis introduction paragraph comes after the table of contents and provides a broader context of the research. Remember, a strong beginning is important to grab the reader’s attention.

The following are the major elements that must be included in an introduction.

  • Topic and Context – What points a reader should know to understand the thesis?
  • Focus and Scope – What aspects of the topic will be addressed? It can be research gaps, questions, and problems.
  • Relevance and Importance – How does the research work contribute to the existing work on the topic?
  • Questions and Objectives – What are the main objectives of the research work, and how they can be achieved?
  • Overview of the Structure – How each chapter of the thesis will contribute to the overall objectives?

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How Long Should a Thesis Introduction be?

The introduction of your thesis paper makes up roughly 10% of your total word count. Therefore, a PhD thesis paper introduction would be 8000 - 10000 words. However, a Master's thesis would be 1500 - 2000 words long.

Although the thesis introduction length can be increased if the writer includes images, diagrams, and descriptions.

Thesis Introduction Outline

A thesis introduction chapter outline has the following stages:


A. Background and context

  • General information about the topic
  • Why the topic is important and relevant
  • Brief history and evolution of the topic

B. Problem statement or research question

  • Specific research problem or question being addressed
  • Justification for the study
  • How the study will contribute to the field

C. Purpose and objectives of the study

  • The overall purpose of the study
  • Specific objectives or research aims

D. Significance of the study

  • Who will benefit from the study
  • How the study will impact the field or society

E. Scope and limitations of the study

  • What the study will and will not cover
  • Potential limitations and challenges of the study

F. Methodology and approach

  • Overview of the research design
  • Description of the data collection methods
  • A brief explanation of data analysis techniques

Have a look at the following template to understand the thesis introduction structure.

How to Start a Thesis Introduction?

Starting a thesis introduction can be overwhelming, but there are some steps you can follow to make it easier:

1. Choose a Topic

Select a topic that you are passionate about and that aligns with your research interests. Your topic should also be relevant to your field of study and have enough existing research to support your thesis.

You can also choose unique ideas from our compiled list of thesis topics.

2. Research the Content

Conduct thorough research on your topic by reviewing the literature, collecting data, and analyzing existing research in your field. This will help you identify gaps in the literature that your thesis will address.

3. Organize the Ideas

Organize and compile the main arguments, ideas, and claims in the next step. These thoughts will be helpful to describe and present the thesis statement.

Logically organizing your thoughts is crucial for developing an effective and coherent paper. You can create a clear story from the start of your paper to the end.

4. Define the Subject and Relevant Themes

Define the subject and the relevant themes before starting your thesis introduction. It would become easier for the reader to skim and get a good idea by going through it.

The subject of a thesis is the central topic or idea that it addresses. It should be specific enough to be covered by the scope of the thesis, yet broad enough to allow for meaningful discussion. 

Relevant themes are those ideas that are most applicable to the subject of the thesis. These themes often come from other fields and add depth to the argument being made in the thesis. 

This way it would be easier for the reader to skim and get a good idea by going through it.

5. Define Your Thesis Statement

Once you have conducted your research, define your thesis statement. Your thesis statement should clearly articulate the main argument or point you will be making in your thesis.

Check out this video to learn more about writing a good introduction for your thesis!

How to Write a Thesis Introduction?

Here is a step-by-step guide for you to follow while writing a thesis introduction.

Steps to Write a Thesis Introduction

A detailed description of the steps to write an introduction is given below.

1. Hook the Reader’s Interest

A writer should begin writing the introduction with a hook statement to draw the reader’s interest. It can be a question, quotation, or interesting transitions into your arguments.

Also, make a list of interesting, current events or controversies related to your topic. It will help in creating a strong introduction and thesis statement.

2. Mention the Research Gap 

Review and evaluate the existing literature critically. It will help the researcher in finding and addressing the research gap.

3. State the Background Information

A good introduction of the thesis always states the historical background of the chosen topic. It is usually cited in the first paragraph and shows the current position of the subject.

4. Back Your Topic with Relevant Literature

The introduction is a mix of previous research and a literature review. Thus, the topic should be backed with relevant resources.

It is also used to explain the context and significance of previous studies. Moreover, it further acknowledges credible sources of information to solidify your claim.

When choosing relevant literature, there are a few things to consider. 

  • Firstly, the literature should be from reputable sources such as scholarly journals or books. 
  • Secondly, it should be related to your topic and provide evidence for your claims. 
  • Lastly, it should be up-to-date and accurate. 

By taking these factors into account, you can ensure that your work is well-informed and credible.

5. Mention the Hypothesis

Formulate a hypothesis for your research work. It will discuss what you aim to achieve along with the possibilities.

A valid hypothesis must be testable, measurable, and based on evidence from existing literature or theoretical frameworks. 

The hypothesis should also provide a logical explanation for the relationship between the variables in question.

6. Provide the Significance of Your Research

The gap will help to evaluate the situation and explain the significance of the current research. Thus, add the purpose of your paper explaining why the research is done. It will also demonstrate the possible contributions of the research work in the future.

7. Outline the Research Questions

The next step is to outline your research questions. These should be relevant to the purpose of your study. Moreover, it will also help you discuss the problems that you seek to address.

8. State Research Objectives

State the research aims and objectives to define the primary purpose of the work. It should give a direction to the research by providing an overview of what it aims to achieve.

9. Create an Outline

Create a well-structured outline to organize and compile the ideas. Also, include a table of contents at the beginning of your thesis. It serves as a mind map to discuss the layout of your research proposal.

10. Discuss the Research Methodology

The next step is to define the terms and methodology you are going to apply in your research. It is a good technique to make your study authentic, credible, and useful.

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11. Finalize your Introduction

Ask yourself the following questions after finishing writing the introduction.

  • Does your introduction discuss the problem your thesis is addressing?
  • Does this section address the contribution the research work is making?
  • Does it provide a detailed overview of your thesis?
  • Does it end by briefly discussing the content of each chapter?
  • Does it make a case for the research?
  • Does it outline research questions, problems, and hypotheses clearly?

Have a look at this sample introduction:

The Impact of Social Media on Young Adults' Mental Health

The widespread use of social media has drastically changed how young adults interact with each other and view themselves. As a result, it can have a significant impact on their mental health, leading to issues such as depression, anxiety, and low self-esteem. 

In this paper, we will explore the various ways in which social media affects young adults' mental health, the potential implications it could have on their lives, and possible solutions that could be implemented to mitigate its negative effects. 

Ultimately, this research aims to add insight into how we can foster better mental well-being among our youth in a digital age.

Check out the following document to get a clear idea of writing an introduction.

Thesis Introduction Examples

Below are sample introduction paragraphs to help you compose perfect introductions.

Thesis Introduction Writing Tips

The following are some writing tips to help you draft perfect thesis introductions.

  • The thesis introduction requires you to identify and define your parameters of research.
  • It provides enough data to support your arguments.
  • The topic must define the territory for the introduction along with its terms and scope.
  • It also establishes a niche by narrowing the claims that you will be discussing in your thesis body.
  • A good introduction defines the direction and purpose. It will guide the reader to determine which approach the writer should adopt for further exploration.
  • It contains background information to give a strong foundation for your thesis.
  • The introduction must introduce the current research by stating hypotheses, research questions, and objectives.
  • The content of this section should be original and plagiarism free.
  • It must follow a coherent thesis format by providing concise information.
  • Do not use technical language as it will leave the reader confused.

Introduction Writing Checklist 

Use the below checklist to assess your introduction and identify what information is missing. This should help you ensure that your intro has all of the necessary components for a successful outcome.

Task Completed
Identify the research problem 
Write the background of the study 
Provide the context of the study 
State the research questions 
Formulate the objectives and questions 
Define key terms and concepts 
Discuss the significance of the study 
Identify the limitations and scope of your research
Write a brief outline of the thesis and proofread

In conclusion, crafting a strong thesis introduction is a crucial element of any academic paper. It sets the tone for your entire essay and provides a roadmap for your reader to follow. By following the steps outlined in this blog post, you can create a well-structured introduction for your thesis. 

However, if you are still struggling to write a compelling thesis introduction, don't worry. is here to help. Our expert writers have years of experience in crafting high-quality introductions for academic papers. 

So, contact us today to discuss your thesis paper, and let us help you achieve your academic goals. With our essay writing service help, you can be confident that your thesis introduction will be perfectly crafted to help you succeed.

Caleb S.


Caleb S. (Literature, Marketing)

Caleb S. has been providing writing services for over five years and has a Masters degree from Oxford University. He is an expert in his craft and takes great pride in helping students achieve their academic goals. Caleb is a dedicated professional who always puts his clients first.

Caleb S. has been providing writing services for over five years and has a Masters degree from Oxford University. He is an expert in his craft and takes great pride in helping students achieve their academic goals. Caleb is a dedicated professional who always puts his clients first.

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