Barbara P
Barbara P

The 10 Key Steps for Perfect Speech Writing

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16 min read

speech writing

Writing a good speech is tough. Many get stuck not knowing how to organize their thoughts, leading to boring speeches. 

Our guide breaks it down step by step, so you can write speeches that really connect. Plus, we’ve added some topics, examples, and tips to inspire you and give you a kickstart. 

So, let’s start with the basics!

On This PageArrow Down

  • 1. What is Speech Writing?
  • 2. Elements of Good Speech Writing
  • 3. How to Write a Speech?
  • 4. Speech Writing Format
  • 5. Types Of Speech Writing 
  • 6. Speech Writing Topics
  • 7. Speech Writing Examples
  • 8. Speech Writing Tips

What is Speech Writing?

A speech is a verbal presentation given to an audience as a means to express ideas, share information, or persuade others. A speech can serve various purposes such as informing, persuading, entertaining, or inspiring the listeners.

Speech writing is the process of creating a clear and organized script for a spoken presentation. This involves planning the content, choosing the right tone, and structuring the speech so the message is communicated clearly to the audience.

Speech writers carefully choose words, phrases, and rhetorical devices to maximize the impact of the spoken words. They aim to engage, inform, persuade, or inspire the listeners. Good speech writing is a skill that requires careful planning, research, and attention to detail.

Elements of Good Speech Writing

Writing a great speech is all about getting a few things right. Let's break down what makes a speech really work:

  • Clear and to the Point: Make sure your message is crystal clear and focused. Know what you want to say and stick to it.
  • Know Your Audience: Understand who you're talking to. What do they care about? What do they already know? Customize your speech to fit their interests and level of understanding.
  • Start Strong: Grab your audience's attention from the get-go. Use a catchy opening line or an interesting fact to hook them in right away.
  • Keep it Organized: A good speech flows smoothly from one point to the next. Divide it into sections—beginning, middle, and end—and make sure each part connects logically to the next.
  • Stay on Topic: Don't overload your speech with too much information. Stick to your main message and use examples that support it.
  • End Strong: Finish your speech with a bang. Summarize your main points and leave your audience with something to think about or act on.
  • Practice Makes Perfect: Rehearse your speech until you're confident. Pay attention to your pace, tone, and body language to make sure you're delivering your message effectively.

Now that you know what elements make a good speech, let’s look into the steps to write one.

How to Write a Speech?

Writing a good speech that engages your audience requires careful planning and execution. 

Whether you're preparing a persuasive presentation or an informative talk the following ten steps will guide you from the initial concept to the final delivery:

Step 1: Define Your Purpose and Audience

Begin by identifying the main objective of your speech. Are you looking to inform, persuade, entertain, or inspire your audience? Understanding your purpose will shape the tone, content, and structure of your speech.

Know your audience's demographics, interests, and expectations. Consider factors such as age, education, beliefs, and cultural background. Tailor your speech to resonate with your specific audience.

Step 2: Choose a Topic

Select a topic that aligns with your purpose and audience's interest. Ensure your topic is not too broad or too narrow. You should be able to cover it effectively within your allotted time.

Step 3: Research and Gather Information

Thoroughly research your chosen topic. Utilize reputable sources such as books, articles, academic journals, and trusted websites.

Take detailed notes during your research to have a wealth of information and supporting evidence for your speech.

Step 4: Create a Strong Thesis or Central Message

Your thesis statement is the core message of your speech. It should be clear, concise, and specific. It encapsulates the key idea you want to convey to your audience. This statement will guide the content and structure of your speech.

Step 5: Develop an Outline

Divide your speech into three main sections: Introduction, Body, and Conclusion. Each section serves a distinct purpose.

Outline the main points you want to cover within the body of the speech. Organize them logically, and ensure each point supports your thesis.

Step 6: Write the Introduction

Craft a compelling introduction that captures your audience's attention. Use a hook, such as a relevant quote, story, or question, to pique their interest.

Provide context to help your audience understand the topic, and introduce your thesis statement to set the direction for your speech.

Step 7: Build the Body

In this section, expand on the main points outlined earlier. Each main point should be a clear and distinct idea.

Support your points with evidence, examples, and data. Use transitions to guide your audience smoothly from one point to the next, creating a coherent flow.

Step 8: Craft a Memorable Conclusion

Summarize the key points you've made in the body of your speech. Reiterate your thesis statement to reinforce your central message.

End with a compelling closing statement that leaves a lasting impression on your audience. This can be a call to action, a thought-provoking statement, or a memorable quote.

Step 9: Edit and Revise

Review your speech for clarity, grammar, and coherence. Check for any inconsistencies or unclear language and make the necessary changes.

Step 10: Practice and Rehearse

Practice your speech multiple times to become familiar with the content and the order of your points.

Work on your delivery skills, including tone, pace, and body language. Practicing in front of a mirror or recording yourself can help you identify areas for improvement.

Bonus Step: Get Feedback

If possible, conduct a practice run in front of a small audience. This can be friends, family, or classmates.

Listen to their feedback and address any concerns or suggestions. Incorporating feedback can significantly enhance your speech.

Speech Writing Format

Creating an impactful speech requires following a structured speech format to ensure that your message is conveyed clearly and engages your audience. 

Here is a standard speech writing pattern to guide you through the process:

1. Introduction:

  • Hook: Start the speech with a compelling hook, such as a question, quote, anecdote, or startling fact, to grab the audience's attention.
  • Provide Context: Give your audience a brief overview of the topic and its relevance.
  • Thesis Statement: Present your central message or thesis statement, which sets the direction for the speech.

2. Body:

  • Main Points: Divide the body of your speech into two to five main points or sections, each supporting your thesis statement.
  • Supporting Evidence: For each main point, provide supporting evidence, data, examples, or anecdotes to make your argument compelling.
  • Transitions: Use clear transitions between points to maintain a smooth and coherent flow throughout the speech.

3. Conclusion:

  • Summarize Key Points: Briefly recap the main points you've covered in the body of your speech.
  • Restate Thesis: Rewrite your thesis statement to reinforce your central message.
  • Closing Statement: End with a memorable closing statement that leaves a lasting impression, which can be a call to action, a thought-provoking idea, or a final quote.

To get started, you can check out this speech writing template:

[Title of Your Speech]


  • Attention Grabber: Start with a hook to capture the audience’s attention.
  • Introduce the Topic: Briefly introduce the topic you will be discussing.
  • Thesis Statement: State the main idea or purpose of your speech.


  • Main Point 1:
                              Topic Sentence
                                        Supporting Details
  • Main Point 2:
                              Topic Sentence
                                        Supporting Details
  • Main Point 3:
                             Topic Sentence
                                       Supporting Details


  • Summary: Summarize the key points you have made.
  • Restate Thesis: Reinforce the main idea or purpose of your speech.
  • Closing Statement: End with a memorable closing thought or call to action.

Expert Tip

Learn more about speech format in this insightful read to get a better understanding!

Types Of Speech Writing 

There are many types of speeches, and they are combined into different categories. We will take a look at some basic types of speech writing:

  1. Informative Speeches
  2. Persuasive Speeches
  3. Entertaining Speeches
  4. Motivational Speeches
  5. Special Occasion Speeches

Now, let's explore each type in more detail:

Informative Speeches

An informative speech aims to educate or provide information to the audience. These speeches typically focus on facts, data, and explanations.

Examples: Informative speeches can cover a wide range of topics, such as scientific discoveries, historical events, technological advancements, or explanations of complex concepts.

Persuasive Speeches

A persuasive speech aims to convince the audience to adopt a particular viewpoint or take a specific action. These speeches often employ persuasive techniques and emotional appeals.

Examples: Persuasive speeches can address issues like climate change, social justice, political candidates, or consumer choices, urging the audience to support a particular stance or take action.

Entertaining Speeches

Entertaining speeches are designed to amuse and entertain the audience. They often include humor, anecdotes, and storytelling.

Examples: Stand-up comedy routines, humorous storytelling, and funny anecdotes are examples of entertaining speeches.

Motivational Speeches

Motivational speeches are meant to motivate and uplift the audience. They often incorporate personal stories, motivational quotes, and themes of resilience and hope.

Examples: Speeches by notable figures like Martin Luther King Jr.'s "I Have a Dream" address social change. Others like commencement speeches inspire graduates to embrace the future.

Special Occasion Speeches

Special occasion speeches are delivered during specific events or celebrations. These speeches can include toasts, eulogies, wedding speeches, and more.

Examples: A eulogy at a funeral, a wedding toast, or a commencement address at a graduation ceremony are all examples of special occasion speeches.

Speech Writing Topics

The topic is the first and foremost thing that you need to write a speech. Here are some amazing speech-writing topic ideas to help you get started.

Persuasive Speech Topics

  • The impact of climate change on our future
  • Social media and mental health: is it time for regulation?
  • The importance of vaccination in preventing disease outbreaks
  • The ethics of artificial intelligence and privacy
  • The benefits of renewable energy for a sustainable future

Expert Tip

Find more persuasive speech topics in our extensive list.

Demonstration Speech Topics

  • How to create a delicious and healthy smoothie bowl
  • DIY home renovation: painting techniques and tips
  • The art of crafting homemade natural soap
  • Mastering Yoga: a guided sun salutation sequence
  • Gardening for beginners: planting your first vegetable garden

Impromptu Speech Topics

  • If I could travel anywhere in the world right now, I would go to...
  • The most influential person in my life and why.
  • What superpower I wish I had and how I'd use it.
  • A book that changed my perspective on life.
  • The best piece of advice I've ever received and how it impacted me.

For more inspiring topics check out our impromptu speech topics blog!

Entertaining Speech Topics

  • The art of dad jokes: Making people laugh with cheesy humor.
  • Embarrassing moments at family gatherings: A humorous take.
  • Hilarious autocorrect fails in text messaging.
  • The funny side of pets and their quirky behaviors.
  • Epic food mishaps in the kitchen: Tales of culinary disasters.

Check out our blog for more entertaining speech topics!

Informative Speech Topics

  • The science behind Covid-19 vaccines
  • Exploring the history and impact of the internet
  • The art of sustainable gardening and urban farming
  • Understanding cryptocurrency and blockchain technology
  • The wonders of space exploration: mars missions and beyond

Expert Tip

Find more interesting topics for informative speeches to get inspired.

Motivational Speech Topics

  • “I’m proud of you my son” someday, my dad will say this to me
  • Positive thinking boosts your self-confidence.
  • It is perfectly fine for a boy to cry.
  • Same-sex couples should be allowed to adopt a child
  • I will make my parents proud

Looking for more inspirational speech topics? Read our motivational speech topics blog to get inspired!

Speech Writing Examples

When it comes to learning the art of speech writing practical guidance is important. To show effective speech writing techniques and structure, here are some short speech writing examples for students. 

These speech writing samples will help you understand how to craft compelling speeches that resonate with your audience.


Ladies and gentlemen,

Today, I want to share a simple yet powerful message with you: Believe in yourself. The journey of life is filled with challenges, obstacles, and moments of doubt. But it's in those moments that your belief in yourself can make all the difference.

Think about your dreams, your goals, the things that truly matter to you. They are within your reach, but only if you have the unwavering faith that you can achieve them. Remember, some of the most successful people in the world faced countless rejections and failures, but they never gave up. They believed in themselves and their abilities.

Every day, when you wake up, tell yourself that you are capable, you are strong, and you are destined for greatness. Don't let fear or self-doubt hold you back. Embrace challenges as opportunities to learn and grow.

In the words of Henry Ford, "Whether you think you can, or you think you can't, you're right." So, choose to believe you can, and you'll be amazed at what you can achieve. Your journey begins with self-belief, and the world is waiting to witness your greatness. Keep believing, keep pushing, and success will be yours.


Ladies and gentlemen, today, I have the delightful task of sharing with you the best joke I've ever heard. Laughter is a universal language, a force that unites us all. So, without further ado, here's the joke that never fails to tickle my funny bone.

Why did the scarecrow win an award?

Because he was outstanding in his field!

Isn't that a classic? It's simple, clean, and has that surprise factor that makes a great joke. But what makes a joke truly the best is not just the punchline but the way it brings people together in laughter.

Laughter is a fantastic gift we all share. It breaks down barriers, transcends language, and for a moment, it unites us. It's an escape from the mundane, a burst of joy in our daily lives.

As we navigate through life's challenges, let's remember the power of humor. Let's find joy in the simple things, share a joke, and bring a smile to someone's face. After all, as the saying goes, "A day without laughter is a day wasted." So, cherish the best jokes you've heard, and spread the gift of laughter wherever you go.

Thank you, and here's to laughter and the best jokes that brighten our days!


Here is another example of speech writing class 11:

Good morning, respected teachers and fellow students,

Today, I want to talk about something that affects us all—the importance of environmental conservation. Our planet is facing serious challenges, and it’s up to us to protect it.

Environmental conservation means protecting our natural resources and the environment. This includes keeping our air and water clean, safeguarding wildlife, and using resources responsibly.

Why is this important? Our environment gives us everything we need to survive—clean air, water, food, and shelter. However, human activities like deforestation, pollution, and overuse of resources are damaging our planet. If we don’t act now, we’ll face severe consequences like climate change, loss of biodiversity, and resource depletion.

One major reason to focus on conservation is to fight climate change. Burning fossil fuels releases greenhouse gasses that cause global warming, leading to extreme weather, rising sea levels, and ecosystem disruption. By conserving energy and using renewable sources, we can reduce our carbon footprint and help combat climate change.

Protecting wildlife is also crucial. Many species are endangered due to habitat loss, pollution, and illegal hunting. By preserving natural habitats and enforcing protection laws, we can save these species and maintain ecosystem balance.

Water conservation is vital too. Freshwater is limited, and with the growing population, the demand is increasing. Simple actions like fixing leaks, using water-efficient appliances, and being mindful of our water use can help conserve this precious resource.

As students, we can contribute by reducing, reusing, and recycling materials to minimize waste. Participating in tree planting, clean-up drives, and awareness campaigns can also make a significant impact. Educating ourselves and others about environmental issues and advocating for sustainable practices can lead to positive change.

In conclusion, environmental conservation is everyone’s responsibility. By making small changes in our daily lives and encouraging others to do the same, we can protect our planet. Let’s take action now to ensure a healthier, more sustainable world for ourselves and future generations.

Thank you.

For additional samples, read through our speech examples blog!

Speech Writing Tips

Follow these tips for writing a speech that not only informs but also inspires and persuades.

  • Audience Analysis: Before you start, conduct a thorough audience analysis. Understand their interests, knowledge, and expectations.
  • Engaging Speech: Craft an engaging speech that captures your audience's attention from the start. Use rhetorical questions or captivating anecdotes.
  • Short Sentences: Keep your sentences concise and easy to follow. Short sentences are more impactful.
  • Connect with the Audience: Make your audience feel involved. Use relatable examples and stories to establish a connection.
  • Great Speech Structure: Organize your speech with a clear structure, including an introduction, body, and conclusion.
  • Rhetorical Questions: Utilize rhetorical questions to stimulate thought and engagement.
  • Memorable Sentence Structures: Create memorable sentence structures that stick in their memory and the audience remembers the key message.
  • Public Speaking: Remember that public speaking requires practice, so rehearse your speech multiple times to boost confidence and delivery.

Moving towards the end, for effective communication, speech writing is a skill that can empower you to inform, persuade, and inspire your audience. This comprehensive guide has walked you through the essential steps, outlines, and examples to help you craft a compelling and memorable speech.

If you think you are good at speaking but not so good at writing and this thing bothers you a lot, then there is no harm in getting some help. We at can save you from embarrassment by helping you write an outstanding speech. 

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Frequently Asked Questions

What is a good sentence starter for a speech?

FAQ Icon

In speech writing starting lines play a crucial role. You can start your speech with the following:

  • Thought provoking question: "Have you ever wondered what it takes to change the world?"
  • A powerful quote: "As Nelson Mandela once said, 'It always seems impossible until it's done.'"
  • A surprising fact: "Did you know that every minute, over 500 hours of video are uploaded to YouTube?"
  • An engaging story: "Let me tell you about a young girl who defied all odds to achieve her dreams."

What are the 10 principles of speech writing?

FAQ Icon
  • Clarity: Make sure your message is clear and easily understandable.
  • Purpose: Define the main objective of your speech and stick to it.
  • Audience Awareness: Understand your audience's demographics, interests, and expectations.
  • Structure: Organize your speech into introduction, body, and conclusion.
  • Content Relevance: Choose topics and information that are relevant and meaningful to your audience.
  • Engagement: Use storytelling, humor, and rhetorical devices to keep your audience interested.
  • Authenticity: Speak sincerely to establish trust and connection with your audience.
  • Language: Use simple and concise language appropriate for your audience.
  • Impact: Deliver a memorable message that leaves a lasting impression.
  • Practice: Rehearse your speech multiple times for smooth delivery and confidence.
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Barbara P


Barbara P

Dr. Barbara is a highly experienced writer and author who holds a Ph.D. degree in public health from an Ivy League school. She has worked in the medical field for many years, conducting extensive research on various health topics. Her writing has been featured in several top-tier publications.

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