Nova A.
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4 Types of Sentences - Definition & Examples

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types of sentences

Have you ever wondered how to make your writing more interesting?

Boring sentences can make your essays, stories, and assignments less exciting to read.

Don't worry; we're here to help! 

In this blog, we're going to talk about four types of sentences i.e., declarative, exclamatory, imperative, and interrogatory. Learning about these sentence types will help you make your writing more fun to read and help you express your ideas better. 
Let’s dive in!

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On This PageArrow Down

  • 1. What Is A Sentence? 
  • 2. 4 Types of Sentences According to Function 
  • 3. Types of Sentences Exercise 
  • 4. 4 Types of Sentences According to Structure 
  • 5. Types of Sentence Structure Exercise 
  • 6. Tips for Using Different Types of Sentences 

What Is A Sentence? 

A sentence is a group of words that come together to express a complete idea. It is the main unit of any language.

It always starts with a capital letter and ends with a period (.), exclamation point (!), or question mark (?).

A sentence contains two important things:

  • A subject: who or what the sentence is about.
  • A predicate: what's happening or being said about the subject.

A sentence must contain at least a subject and a verb. 

4 Types of Sentences According to Function 

In writing and speaking, we use different sentences to express our thoughts. Here we will discuss the following 4 types of sentences with examples categorized on the basis of their purpose. 

  1. Declarative Sentences
  2. Interrogative Sentences
  3. Imperative Sentences
  4. Exclamatory Sentences

Declarative Sentences 

Purpose: The most common sentence type, declarative sentences are used to make a statement or express an opinion and always end with a period. They serve the primary function of making statements or providing information in a straightforward manner.

Declarative Sentence Examples 

  • I want to be a chef. 
  • My friend is really a good singer.
  • We own a dog. 
  • My husband loves eating cookies in the morning. 
  • I love cupcakes. 

These declarative sentences present a fact, giving us information about the direction of the sun's rise.

Interrogative Sentences 

Purpose: Interrogative sentences ask questions or are used to interrogate. These sentences often begin with question words like who, what, where, when, why, or how.

Interrogative Sentence Examples 

  • Did you finish your homework?
  • Whose cat is that?
  • What is your favorite pizza topping?
  • What time will you finish your homework? 
  • Why did she arrive late?
  • Do you like coffee?

In these interrogative sentences, the question words initiate a query, seeking a response or information about the completion of homework.

Imperative Sentences 

Purpose: Imperative sentences give a command and are also known as command sentences. They issue directives, commands, or requests, aiming to prompt action or compliance.

Imperative Sentence Examples 

  • Please pass the salt.
  • Don’t ever call me a cheater. 
  • Have a cup of coffee. 
  • Please stop!
  • Consider the pink dress. 
  • Get out!

These imperative sentences politely request action, demonstrating the power of language in influencing behavior.

Exclamatory Sentences 

Purpose: Exclamatory sentences are used to express express enthusiasm, surprise, or strong feelings. These sentences always end with an exclamation mark.

Exclamatory Sentence Examples 

  • Wow! What a fantastic performance!
  • What a thug he is!
  • Wow, he won the lottery!
  • That popcorn is not for you!
  • Happy birthday, Anna!
  • Let’s see how fast you run!

These exclamatory sentences reflect the speaker's genuine admiration and excitement, adding an emotional dimension to the communication.

Types of Sentences Exercise 

Read the following types of sentences worksheet and identify what types these are: 

  1. Feel free to call me later. ______________
  2. Will he be late? ________________
  3. The trip was amazing! _______________
  4. I like climbing. _________________
  5. Read this article now. ______________


  1. Imperative
  2. Interrogative
  3. Exclamatory
  4. Declarative
  5. Imperative

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4 Types of Sentences According to Structure 

When it comes to crafting engaging and effective writing, sentence structure plays a crucial role. It's like the framework of a building, providing the necessary support for your ideas to stand tall.

According to sentence structure, there are four main types:

  1. Simple Sentences
  2. Compound Sentences
  3. Complex Sentences
  4. Compound-Complex Sentences

Simple Sentences

Definition: Simple sentences are concise and to the point. They consist of one independent clause that expresses a complete thought.


  • She sings.
  • The cat sleeps.
  • He studies diligently.
  • They play soccer.
  • The sun shines brightly.

Compound Sentences

Definition: Compound sentences combine two independent clauses with a coordinating conjunction (like 'and,' 'but,' 'or,' etc.) to create a sentence with multiple related ideas.


  • She sings, and he dances.
  • The cat sleeps, but the dog barks.
  • He studies diligently, so he excels in school.
  • They play soccer, and they love it.
  • The sun shines brightly, yet the sky is cloudy.

Complex Sentences

Definition: Complex sentences involve an independent clause and one or more dependent clauses. Dependent clauses cannot stand alone as sentences and rely on the independent clause for context.


  • Although it's raining, she decided to go for a walk.
  • Because he studied hard, he passed the exam.
  • After the movie ended, they went out for dinner.
  • Since she was tired, she took a nap.
  • While I was cooking, the phone rang.

Compound-Complex Sentences

Definition: Compound-complex sentences combine elements of compound and complex sentences. They consist of two or more independent clauses and at least one dependent clause.


  • She sings, and he dances, while the crowd cheers.
  • The cat sleeps, but the dog barks whenever someone approaches the door.
  • He studies diligently, so he excels in school, and he also helps his friends with their homework.
  • They play soccer, and they love it, but sometimes they switch to basketball when the weather is bad.
  • The sun shines brightly, yet the sky is cloudy, as people gather for the outdoor concert

Types of Sentence Structure Exercise 

Read the following examples and identify the type of sentence structure for each:

  1. She loves playing soccer. __________
  2. John studied for the test, but he still felt nervous. __________
  3. Although it was raining, they decided to go to the park. ______________
  4. Sarah enjoyed the movie, and she also liked the popcorn. _________________
  5. After finishing his homework, Tim went to bed. _______________


  1. Simple Sentence
  2. Compound Sentence
  3. Complex Sentence
  4. Compound Sentence
  5. Complex Sentence

Tips for Using Different Types of Sentences 

Incorporating various sentence types into your essay writing can add depth to your work. Here are some practical tips for effectively using different types of sentences in your writing:

  • Make Clear Statements

Tip: Use declarative sentences to convey straightforward information or facts.

Example: "The sun rises in the east."

  • Ask Engaging Questions

Tip: Employ interrogative sentences to prompt curiosity and engage your readers.

Example: "Have you ever wondered about the mysteries of the universe?"

  • Give Direct Commands

Tip: Use imperative sentences when you want to issue a command or request.

Example: "Please pass the salt."

  • Express Strong Emotions

Tip: Utilize exclamatory sentences to convey excitement or strong emotions.

Example: "What an incredible performance!"

In summary, whether you're crafting an essay, telling a story, or sending a message, the choice of sentence can make all the difference. Each sentence structure engages your readers in different ways. 

Also, if you're looking for assistance in your academic writing tasks, consider our online essay writing service. Our team of experienced writers is here to help you craft compelling essays that stand out. 

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Nova A.


Nova A.

Nova Allison is a Digital Content Strategist with over eight years of experience. Nova has also worked as a technical and scientific writer. She is majorly involved in developing and reviewing online content plans that engage and resonate with audiences. Nova has a passion for writing that engages and informs her readers.

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