Nova A.
Nova A.

An Easy Guide to Writing an Essay

12 min read

Published on: Sep 4, 2017

Last updated on: Dec 30, 2023

essay writing guide

Are you facing the daunting task of essay writing and feeling a bit lost? Don't worry; you're not the only one!

Crafting a well-structured essay can be a challenging endeavor. 

But here's the good news: we've got your back. 

In this in-depth academic blog, we're here to demystify the process of essay writing for you. We'll take you through each step, providing clear guidance and practical tips to help you become a proficient essay writer.

So, let's dive in and unlock the secrets of essay success!

On This Page

How To Write An Essay? 

Let's begin by learning the definition of an essay. So, what is an essay? 

An essay is a brief composition based on a certain topic or subject that students do as part of their coursework. 

Essays, frequently assigned in high school and college, are invaluable for enhancing vital skills like analytical thinking, research, and creativity.

Let's start at the beginning and work our way through these steps to write a good essay:

  1. Choose an essay type
  2. Brainstorm on essay topics
  3. Conduct thorough research
  4. Create an essay outline
  5. Write an essay introduction
  6. Develop a thesis statement 
  7. Compose body paragraphs
  8. Conclude effectively
  9. Review and revise your essay

Types of Essays

Essays come in various forms, each with its unique purpose and structure. Understanding the different types of essays can help you choose the most suitable approach for your writing task. 

Here are some of the most common types of essays you may encounter:

Breaking Down The Essay Writing Process

In the essay writing process, there are three key stages: preparing, writing, and reviewing. Each stage plays a vital role in crafting a well-structured and effective essay.


The preparation stage is the foundation of a successful essay. During this phase, you'll select an essay type and topic. You’ll also conduct research and collect relevant information. Using the collected information, you’ll sketch out an outline that will help you stay focused throughout the process.

How to Write an Essay Outline

Creating an effective essay outline is a critical step in the writing process. It helps you clarify your thoughts, organize your ideas, and ensure that your essay flows smoothly. 

Here are the steps you can take to write an essay outline:

Step 1: Determine the Purpose of Your Essay

Before you start outlining, it's essential to understand the purpose of your essay. Ask yourself:

  • What message or argument do I want to convey?
  • Who is my target audience?
  • What type of essay am I writing (e.g., argumentative, informative, narrative)?
  • What key points or arguments do I need to address?

Step 2: Filter Out Fluff

To create a concise and effective outline, filter out unnecessary information or "fluff." Focus on the core ideas and arguments that support your essay's purpose. Avoid including irrelevant details or excessive background information.

Step 3: Identify Points for Each Section

Break down your essay into its main sections and identify the key points or components for each section:

  • Introduction

-  Hook: Choose a captivating hook that grabs the reader's attention.
-  Context: Provide essential background information to set the stage.
-  Thesis Statement: Craft a clear and concise thesis statement that outlines your main argument.

  • Body Paragraphs (Typically Three or More)

For each body paragraph:

-  Topic Sentence: Start with a topic sentence that introduces the main point of the paragraph.
-  Supporting Details: List supporting details, evidence, or examples that strengthen your argument.
-  Analysis: Briefly explain how the evidence supports your argument.

  • Conclusion

-  Restate Thesis: Reiterate your thesis statement to remind the reader of your main argument.
-  Summarize Key Points: Summarize the main points made in your essay.
-  Closing Thought: End with a thought-provoking or memorable statement to leave a lasting impression.

By using this structured outline, essay writing becomes more manageable, enabling you to express ideas effectively and persuasively.

Expert Tip

Want in-depth knowledge for creating an outline? Check out this extensive guide on essay outline to ensure well-structured essays!


This stage involves bringing your ideas and research together to create a cohesive essay. You’ll want to create an outline and form a thesis statement to give structure to your writing process. Then, you’ll follow the outline and create a draft.


The reviewing stage is essential for refining your essay and ensuring its clarity and quality. Now that you have your first draft, you can make all the necessary improvements and fill any gaps in your essay.

By following these three stages—preparation, writing, and review—you can create clear and persuasive essays.

Preparation for Writing an Essay

Before you start writing your essay, there are important steps to prepare. Let's go through these steps to make sure your essay is well-prepared and organized.

Choose a Focus

Determine the type of essay you need to write. Understanding the essay type is essential for effective planning, whether it's argumentative, descriptive, or narrative.

For instance, if your assignment is to write an argumentative essay, your focus might be on defending a specific viewpoint on climate change.

Select a Topic

Brainstorm and choose an essay topic that aligns with the essay type and captures your interest. Your topic should be clear, specific, and relevant to your assignment's requirements. 

For example, if you're writing a descriptive essay, you could select a topic like "Exploring the Enchanting Beauty of a Tropical Rainforest."

Conduct Research

Do thorough research to find important information, facts, and reliable sources that support your chosen topic. Utilize a variety of sources, such as books, academic journals, reputable websites, and interviews, if applicable. 

For instance, if your essay is about the impact of technology on society, your research may involve studying articles from technology experts and sociological studies.

Create an Outline

Develop a clear and structured essay outline that serves as a roadmap for your writing. Your outline should include sections for the introduction, body paragraphs, and conclusion. 

Each section can have subpoints outlining the key ideas you plan to cover. 

By following these preparation steps, you lay a solid foundation for a well-organized and informative essay.


The writing stage is where you bring your ideas and research together to create a cohesive essay. During this phase, you'll:

Write the Introduction

Starting off with the writing, understanding how to write an essay introduction is essential. It sets the stage for what's to come and gives your reader some background on the topic. Importantly, it concludes with your thesis statement, which is the core argument of your essay.

This is how you can write an essay introduction:

  • Start with a hook
  • Provide background information
  • End with a clear thesis statement

For instance, if your essay delves into the issue of climate change, your introduction could commence with a compelling fact like:

"It is noteworthy that over the course of the last century, there has been an observed increase in the Earth's average temperature by approximately 1 degree Celsius, leading to far-reaching repercussions for the ecosystems of our planet."

Develop Body Paragraphs

Within the body of your essay, you have the opportunity to expand on your key points and arguments. Each paragraph should concentrate on a specific idea and be substantiated with evidence and examples.

Here's what each body paragraph of your essay typically includes:

  • Initiate each paragraph with a clear topic sentence.
  • Provide supporting sentences for elaboration.
  • Incorporate research-based evidence.
  • Analyze evidence critically.
  • Summarize with a concluding sentence.

For instance, in an essay addressing climate change, a body paragraph concerning its causes may commence by presenting data on greenhouse gas emissions. Subsequently, it can elucidate how these emissions directly contribute to the phenomenon of global warming.

Compose a Strong Conclusion

Concluding your essay effectively holds great importance. It involves the summarization of crucial points and the reinforcement of your thesis statement. You should avoid introducing new ideas here since this is meant to leave a final impression on your reader. 

For instance, in an essay about climate change, the conclusion should recap the main insights, restate the thesis statement, and affirm the validity of the arguments.


The reviewing stage is vital for refining your essay and ensuring it maintains clarity and quality. During this phase, you'll:

Proofread and Edit

Carefully examine your essay for spelling, grammar, and punctuation errors. Correct any typos or language issues to enhance the overall readability of your essay. 

For example, you might edit a sentence from "The effects of pollution are evident" to "The effects of pollution are evident."

Check for Clarity and Flow

Assess the overall structure and flow of your essay. Ensure that your ideas progress logically from the introduction through the body paragraphs to the conclusion. Check for smooth transitions between sentences and paragraphs. 

For instance, you can evaluate whether each paragraph naturally leads to the next, supporting the essay's central theme.

Make Improvements

If necessary, enhance your essay by reviewing it. This process involves refining your piece of writing to better support your thesis by presenting evidence. 

Consider revising sentences or paragraphs for clarity and coherence. This might involve rephrasing complex sentences or adding more detail to improve understanding. 

As an example, you could clarify a statement like "The data indicates an alarming trend" by specifying the trend you're referring to, such as "The data indicates an alarming increase in air pollution levels over the past decade."

By following these three stages, you can effectively navigate the essay writing process and produce well-crafted essays.

How To Write An Essay Format

Proper formatting is essential for a well-structured academic essay. 

It includes writing conventions such as font, margins, spacing, citations and references, and page numbers. Another important aspect of formatting involves formatting styles like APA, MLA, or Chicago.

  • Font, Margins, and Spacing: Use standard fonts (e.g., Times New Roman, Arial) with a 12-point size, 1-inch margins on all sides, and double-spacing throughout the essay.
  • Title Page (if required): Create a title page with the essay title, your name, instructor's name, course, and date, following specific style guidelines.
  • Citations and References: Properly cite sources within your essay text. Compile a reference list or bibliography according to the citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago).
  • Page Numbers: Include page numbers in the header or footer of each page, following the style guide's instructions.
  • Formatting Styles: Different academic disciplines and institutions may require specific formatting styles, so adhere to the guidelines relevant to your essay.

Formatting your essay correctly makes it clear professional, and aligns with academic rules, helps you improve its overall quality.

Essay Examples

Here are some how to write an essay example:

Do's and Don'ts of Writing a Good Essay

Crafting an effective essay involves more than just putting words on paper. It requires careful planning, research, and attention to detail.


Here are some tips for writing a good essay:

  • Do Understand the Assignment: Before you start writing, make sure you understand the essay prompt or assignment. This helps you stay on track and address the specific requirements.
  • Do Plan and Outline: Create a clear essay outline to organize your thoughts and structure your essay. This roadmap ensures your essay flows logically.
  • Do Research Thoroughly: Invest time in researching your topic. Gather credible sources and facts to support your arguments and provide evidence.
  • Do Write a Strong Thesis: Craft a clear and concise thesis statement that summarizes your main argument. Your thesis guides the entire essay.
  • Do Use Clear Language: Write in a straightforward, clear manner. Use words and phrases that are easily understood by your intended audience.
  • Do Use Transition Words: Incorporate transition words like "however," "therefore," and "furthermore" to connect ideas and create a smooth flow between paragraphs.
  • Do Cite Properly: If you use someone else's ideas, cite them correctly using a recognized citation style (e.g., APA, MLA). Plagiarism is a big no-no.
  • Do Edit and Proofread: After finishing your essay, take the time to edit and proofread it. Correct grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors to enhance clarity.


Equally important as knowing what to do when writing an essay is understanding what to avoid. Common essay writing mistakes to avoid include: 

  • Don't Procrastinate: Avoid waiting until the last minute to start your essay. Starting early gives you ample time for research and revisions.
  • Don't Go Off-Topic: It's always a good idea to stick to the main point and avoid unrelated information or tangents that can confuse your readers.
  • Don't Use Vague Language: Be specific in your writing. Vague statements weaken your point of view and can make it hard for you to convince the reader.
  • Don't Overcomplicate Sentences: Keep your sentences clear and concise. Avoid overly complex sentence structures that can confuse your readers.
  • Don't Neglect Proofreading: Skipping proofreading can lead to grammar and spelling mistakes that detract from your essay's quality.
  • Don't Plagiarize: Never copy and paste someone else's work without proper attribution. Plagiarism is a serious academic offense.
  • Don't Ignore Formatting: Follow the formatting guidelines provided by your instructor or institution. Proper formatting enhances readability.
  • Don't Rush the Conclusion: Your conclusion should neatly summarize your essay's main points and leave a strong impression. Don't rush it or introduce new ideas in the conclusion.

By following these do's and don'ts, you can improve your essay-writing skills and create well-structured essays.

Now, you have all the essential knowledge for writing essays. If you need extra assistance, you can turn to our professional essay writing service for well-crafted and top-quality essays that match your requirements.

Our experts have years of experience crafting all types of essays for students like you. Whether it's college essays, research papers, or any other assignments, our writers have the expertise you need.

Nova A.


Nova A. (Literature, Marketing)

Nova Allison is a Digital Content Strategist with over eight years of experience. Nova has also worked as a technical and scientific writer. She is majorly involved in developing and reviewing online content plans that engage and resonate with audiences. Nova has a passion for writing that engages and informs her readers.

Nova Allison is a Digital Content Strategist with over eight years of experience. Nova has also worked as a technical and scientific writer. She is majorly involved in developing and reviewing online content plans that engage and resonate with audiences. Nova has a passion for writing that engages and informs her readers.

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