Barbara P
Barbara P

List of Common Social Issues Around the World

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12 min read

List of Social Issues

The world is always facing a never-ending list of social and economic problems. From the rise of the Sun on Earth; people have been dealing with several issues that plague them around the world.

After the end of the previous decade, a list of countless social issues has emerged. Starting with the Black Lives Matter protest, reigniting the discussion about racism, police reform, and inequality.

With the outburst of the Covid-19 pandemic, a historic economic turndown has been triggered, leaving millions unemployed. Moving to climate justice, food insecurities, and gender inequality are becoming long-term social issues. 

The list of social problems in society goes on and on. We understand that pulling together the top social issues is not simple. Therefore, we have compiled a list of the biggest current social issues in this blog. 

Let’s get started!

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On This PageArrow Down

  • 1. What is a Social Issue?
  • 2. The Most Crucial Social Issues in the World, 2023
  • 3. List of Social Issues in America  
  • 4. List of Social Issues in South Africa 
  • 5. List of Social Issues in the Philippines  
  • 6. List of Social Issues in India  
  • 7. List of Social Issues in Australia 
  • 8. List of Social Issues in Pakistan  
  • 9. Social Issues Examples for Students

What is a Social Issue?

A social issue is a problem that affects every person within a society. It's an intense topic of conversation, where people from all backgrounds are trying to find solutions for these problems in their lives. 

These issues are a source of conflicting opinions about what is perceived as a morally right or wrong decision. 

Social issues and economic issues are different from each other, and they are categorized separately. However, some issues have both social and economic aspects, i.e., immigration and wage inequality. But some issues fall outside either category, i.e., warfare.

When you write an essay or a paper, having a list of social issues for students in hand can be helpful. You can have plenty of options to write about and impress your professor by discussing a current topic.

The Most Crucial Social Issues in the World, 2023

Here are the top 10 popular social issues, in 2023.


Abortion remains one of the most common and popular current social issues. In various parts of the world, but mostly in the Western countries, intense debates are held on abortion, and its legal and ethical concerns. 

According to WHO, an estimated 73 million induced abortions occur worldwide every year. This translates to approximately 36 abortions per 1000 women between the ages of 15-44. 

The abortion issue continues to evolve globally, but the abortion rate varies from country to country. Some countries have strict laws against abortion, while some allow abortion under certain circumstances. 

Pro-abortion arguments talk about women having complete autonomy of their bodies and reproductive freedom. While pro-life people believe that the unborn should have the same rights as everyone else. 

Gay Marriage / Same-Sex Marriage

Do you support the legalization of gay marriage or same-sex marriage?

Americans are allowed to marry their same-sex partner in all 50 states. The trend is becoming popular all around the world. Some people are supporting the legalization of same-sex marriage, and some are totally against it. 

Public opinions vary regarding whether to protect or abolish this gay right. Some people want it abolished, while some young adults hope to pass a law that would legalize marriage equality in their country.

LGBTQ Adoption Rights 

Talking about the LGBTQ community, the biggest concern is getting the same adoption rights as straight couples. There is a long history of debate about whether a gay couple should be able to adopt kids or not. 

People worldwide support the LGBT community to have the same adoption rights as a straight community. This support extends beyond adoption to broader aspects of social inclusion, including education as well.

Gender Identity

Gender identity is a personal conception of oneself being a male or a female. It is intimately related to the concept of gender roles. 

The identification of one’s self has raised many questions. One of which is whether gender identity should be added to anti-discrimination law or not. 

Studies show that 51% of the world population supports adding “gender identity” to anti-discrimination laws. This is a never-ending debate, but it keeps changing every day with new polls from different countries and regions. 

Marital Rape 

Marital rape is another trending social issue around the world in 2023. Studies show that one in three women face violence from their partner, and a lot of it comes in the form of marital rape. 

Spousal rape adversely affects the victim’s mental health and physical health as well. It can cause anxiety, depression, and other problems. Most of the time, victims stay silent for years without trying to seek any help. 

According to a recent survey in the US, around 83% of people think that marital rape should be classified and punished as non-marital rape. 

Women Empowerment

Females are fighting to get their rights more than ever. Women are taking part in all aspects of society. Whether it is a political affair or a general task, women’s voices and participation are becoming more vital than ever. 

The history of women's empowerment is long and complicated. Every year, International Women’s Day is celebrated on the 11th of March. 

It is celebrated as an opportunity for celebration among the whole global community to support equality between genders in all walks of life. However, progress has not been linear throughout time; women still struggle with basic rights. 

Hunger and Poverty

Even before the outburst of the Covid-19 pandemic, around 10.7% of the world’s population faced hunger regularly. Hunger and poverty have remained stubborn issues to be solved since day one.

Hunger and poverty are also some of the biggest issues that are continuously gaining the attention of notable personalities. People believe that hunger and food insecurity are essential social problems in society that should be solved immediately. 


With the world’s population rising at an unprecedented rate, the resources to handle this spike in number are depreciating. It is becoming the reason for other types of social issues like unemployment, hunger, and poverty. 

According to a United Nations report, the current 7.7 billion population is expected to surpass 8.5 billion by 2030. The world’s most vulnerable populations, like African and American countries, are already facing scarce resources for feeding. 

Some countries are designing population control mechanisms such as Algeria, Burundi, Egypt, Gambia, Ghana, Kenya, etc.

Climate Change

One of the greatest social issues is climate change, which is affecting the entire world population. The rapid growth of the world population, technological development, and rising pollution negatively impact the global climate. 

The world is already experiencing severe storms, warmer winters, rainfall events, long summers, and frequent wildfires. Climate change is one of the most devastating problems the world has ever faced.

Racism and Religion Discrimination

Sadly, Racism and Religious discrimination remain deeply harmful issues that continue to plague societies worldwide. Legal authorities have tried to raise awareness, but, these discriminations are still a part of our societies. 

Islamophobia is already the biggest issue that Muslims have to deal with every day. According to a 2023 report by the Pew Research Center, 75% of religious minorities around the world have faced religious discrimination. 

Health Care Availability

When it comes to healthcare availability, there is a long list of issues that arise altogether. According to the Centers for Disease Control Center (CDC), 97 million people worldwide can’t access quality healthcare services. 

Governments and non-profit organizations are working to cope with this challenge. Their collective efforts aim to enhance access to resources, making quality healthcare a reality for a broader population.

Now, we’ve listed social issues topics that are relevant to different countries all over the world. 

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List of Social Issues in America  

  • Weapons of mass destruction
  • Hate speech
  • Church and state separation 
  • Noise pollution
  • Animal abuse
  • Prostitution 
  • Racial profiling
  • Poverty
  • Climate Change
  • Income Inequality
  • LGBTQ+ Rights
  • Healthcare Access
  • Immigration Policy
  • Education Disparities
  • Cybersecurity Threats
  • Substance Abuse
  • Mental Health Stigma
  • Discrimination Against Disabilities
  • Police Brutality
  • Homelessness

List of Social Issues in South Africa 

  • Child abuse and molestation
  • Mental illness
  • Hate crimes
  • Prison industrial complex
  • Xenophobia and nativism
  • Transgender issues
  • Illegal arms transfers
  • Sexual abuse
  • Lack of Affordable Housing
  • Environmental Degradation
  • Corruption
  • Educational Inequality
  • Youth Unemployment
  • Gender-Based Violence
  • Land Redistribution
  • Lack of Access to Clean Water
  • Substance Abuse
  • Political Instability
  • Income Inequality

List of Social Issues in the Philippines  

  • Obesity 
  • Women's rights
  • Gun control 
  • Animal rights
  • Gay rights 
  • The lack of infrastructure
  • Islamophobia 
  • Human Trafficking
  • Cybersecurity Threats
  • Environmental Pollution
  • Access to Quality Healthcare
  • Education System Challenges
  • Political Corruption
  • Indigenous Peoples' Rights
  • Child Labor
  • Overpopulation
  • LGBTQ+ Discrimination
  • Religious Intolerance
  • Discrimination Against People with Disabilities
  • Access to Clean Water

List of Social Issues in India  

  • Caste Discrimination
  • Air Pollution
  • Sanitation and Hygiene
  • Dowry System
  • Communal Tensions
  • Child Marriage
  • Cybersecurity Challenges
  • Farmer Suicides
  • Women's Safety
  • Access to Clean Drinking Water
  • Religious Intolerance
  • Urban Slums
  • Child Labor Exploitation
  • Quality of Education
  • Political Corruption
  • Disability Rights
  • Population Growth
  • LGBTQ+ Rights Recognition
  • Infrastructure Development
  • Tribal Rights and Displacement

List of Social Issues in Australia 

  • Indigenous Rights
  • Climate Change
  • Immigration Policies
  • Gender Pay Gap
  • Healthcare Accessibility
  • Mental Health Stigma
  • Housing Affordability
  • Racial Discrimination
  • Education Inequality
  • Domestic Violence
  • Youth Unemployment
  • Aging Population
  • LGBTQ+ Rights
  • Animal Welfare
  • Indigenous Reconciliation
  • Cybersecurity Threats
  • Substance Abuse
  • Indigenous Land Rights
  • Income Inequality
  • Accessibility to Quality Education

List of Social Issues in Pakistan  

  • Health care reform
  • Misogyny 
  • Water Scarcity
  • Corruption
  • Pornography 
  • School standards and testing
  • Voting issues
  • Refugee Crisis
  • Media Freedom
  • Police brutality
  • Corruption
  • Child Labor
  • Environmental Pollution
  • Overpopulation
  • Political Instability
  • Human Trafficking
  • Drug Abuse
  • Cybercrime
  • Energy Crisis
  • Judicial System

Social Issues Examples for Students

  • Cyberbullying
  • Green energy
  • Female genital mutilation
  • Youth Unemployment
  • Teen Pregnancy
  • Substance Abuse
  • School Violence
  • Technology Addiction
  • Sex education
  • Diversity and Inclusion
  • Poverty and Educational Inequality
  • Mental Health Stigma in Schools
  • Racial Profiling and Discrimination
  • Access to Clean Water and Sanitation
  • LGBTQ+ Rights and Acceptance
  • Gender Pay Gap
  • Animal Rights and Cruelty
  • Affordable Housing Crisis
  • Online Privacy
  • Campus Safety and Security

To conclude, these are the most popular and common social issues people face around the world. If you plan to write an essay, you can choose a topic or get the idea from this list.

However, if you need help with writing your paper, we are here for you. has a team of expert writers. We provide quality writing services for all academic levels at affordable rates. 

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Barbara P


Barbara P

Dr. Barbara is a highly experienced writer and author who holds a Ph.D. degree in public health from an Ivy League school. She has worked in the medical field for many years, conducting extensive research on various health topics. Her writing has been featured in several top-tier publications.

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