Barbara P
Barbara P

List of Common Social Issues Around the World

8 min read

Published on: Feb 5, 2020

Last updated on: Dec 19, 2022

List of Social Issues

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The world is always facing a never-ending list of social and economical problems. Form the rise of the sun on earth; people have been dealing with several issues that plague them around the world.

Ending a decade with 2020, a list of countless social issues has emerged. Starting with the Black Lives Matter protest, reigniting the discussion about systematic racism, police reform, and inequality. Moving to climate justice, food insecurities and gender inequality are becoming long-term social issues.

With the outburst of the Covid-19 pandemic, a historic economic turndown has triggered, leaving millions unemployed.

The list of social problems goes on and on. We understand that pulling together the top most common and popular issue prevailing in 2021 is not simple. Therefore, we have compiled a list of the biggest social issues of 2021 in this blog.

Continue reading and get to learn about the 10 common social issues around the world.

Biggest Social Issues of 2022

A social issue is a problem that affects every person within a society. It's an intense topic of conversation, where people from all backgrounds are trying to find solutions for these problems in their lives.

These problems are a source of a conflicting opinion about what is perceived as a morally right or wrong decision.

Social issues and economic issues are different from each other, and they are categorized separately. However, some issues have both social and economical aspects, i.e., immigration and wage inequality. But some issues do not fall into either category, i.e., warfare.

When you write an essay or a paper, having a list of social issues for students in hand can be helpful. You can have plenty of options to write about and impress your professor by discussing a current topic.

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Here are the top 10 popular social issues of 2022.

1. Vaccine

At the end of 2019, a novel coronavirus was introduced to the world. It emerged from china and spread worldwide in a quick time span. It soon became the biggest social and economical problem for the whole world. Since the outbreak of Covid-19, the world has struggled to develop a socio-economic-friendly vaccine to control the disease spread.

The development of a vaccine for any disease takes at least ten years, but the nature of Covid-19 is contagious. In addition, it is spreading from person to person at a high rate. Therefore, it requires a quick development of accurate diagnostic mechanisms that require minimal to no human intervention.

2. Gay Marriage / Same-Sex Marriage

Do you support the legalization of gay marriage or same-sex marriage?

Americans are allowed to marry their same-sex partner in all 50 states. The trend is becoming popular all around the world. Some people are supporting the legalization of same-sex marriage, and some are totally against it.

Public opinions vary regarding whether to protect or abolish this gay right. Some people want it abolished, while others hope to pass a law that would legalize marriage equality in their country.

3. Gender Identity

Gender identity is a personal conception of oneself being a male or a female. It is intimately related to the concept of gender roles.

The identification of one’s own self has raised many questions. One of which is whether gender identity should be added to anti-discrimination law or not.

Studies show that 51% of the world population supports adding “gender identity” to anti-discrimination law. This is a never-ending debate, but it keeps changing every day with new polls from different countries and regions.

4. Women Empowerment

Females are fighting to get their rights more than ever. Women are taking part in all aspects of society. Whether it is a political affair or a general task, women’s voices and participation are becoming more vital than ever.

The history of women's empowerment is long and complicated. Every year, International Women’s Day on March 11th is celebrated as an opportunity for celebration among the whole global community to support equality between genders in all walks of life. However, progress has not been linear throughout time; women still struggle with basic rights.

5. Hunger and Poverty

Even before the outburst of the Covid-19 pandemic, around 10.7% of the world’s population faced hunger regularly. Hunger and poverty have remained stubborn issues to be solved since day one. It is also one of the biggest issues that are continuously gaining the attention of notable personalities.

People believe that hunger and food insecurity are essential problems that should be addressed and solved immediately.

6. Overpopulation

With the world’s population rising at an unprecedented rate, the resources to handle this spike in number are depreciating. It is becoming the reason for many other social issues like unemployment, hunger, and poverty.

According to a report, the current 7.7 billion population is expected to be raised to 8.5 billion by 2030. The world’s fastest-growing areas, like African and American countries, already faced scarce resources for feeding. Some countries are designing a population control mechanism, i.e., the Chinese government has imposed the one-child policy.

If the population keeps rising, people need to move to other planets to avoid homelessness, starvation, and unemployment.

7. LGBT Adoption Rights

Talking about the LGBT community, the biggest concern is getting the same adoption rights as straight couples. There is a long history of debate whether a gay couple should be able to adopt kids or not. But, it is becoming more common these days. Around 81% of people worldwide support the LGBT community to have the same adoption rights as a straight community.

8. Climate Change

One of the greatest social issues is climate change which is affecting the entire world population. The rapid growth of the world population, technological development, and rising pollution negatively affect the global climate.

The world is already experiencing severe storms, warmer winters, rainfall events, long summers, and frequent wildfires. Climate change is one of the most devastating problems the world has ever faced.

9. Racism and Religion Discrimination

Racial and religious discrimination are the two significant social issues in America, Africa, and the world. With the Covid-19 pandemic, 2020 brought the Black Lives Matter protest in the limelight. Islamophobia is already the biggest issue that Muslims have to deal with every day.

10. Health Care Availability

When it comes to health care availability, there is a long list of issues that arises altogether. According to the Center for Disease Control Center (CDC), 97 million people worldwide can’t access quality health care services.

Governments and non-profit organizations are working to cope with this challenge. They are trying to make it possible for everyone to have easy access to high-quality medical care.

These are the top 10 social issues the world is facing these days. You can discuss any of these issues in your essay or paper.

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List of Social Issues in South Africa

  • Child abuse and molestation
  • Mental illness
  • Hate crimes
  • Prison industrial complex
  • High crime rate
  • Xenophobia and nativism
  • Transgender issues
  • Illegal arms transfers
  • Sexual abuse
  • Immigration in the united states

List of Social Issues in the Philippines

  • Obesity
  • Women's rights
  • Scientific research ethics
  • Gun control
  • Animal rights
  • Gay rights
  • The lack of infrastructure
  • Islamophobia
  • Drug abuse
  • Welfare and welfare reform

List of Social Issues in America

  • Weapons of mass destruction
  • The shortage of schools
  • Hate speech
  • Church and state separation
  • Noise pollution
  • Animal abuse
  • Same-sex marriage
  • Prostitution
  • Privacy
  • Racial profiling

List of Social Issues in India

  • Bullying
  • Prison reform and prisoner rights
  • Nuclear power
  • Veterans' issues
  • Pollution
  • Voluntarism and volunteering
  • Gender roles
  • Evolution Education
  • Urban sprawl
  • Civil rights

List of Social Issues in Australia

  • Student rights
  • Natural disasters and disaster relief
  • Social security reform
  • Homelessness
  • Single parenting
  • Climate change
  • Sexual harassment
  • Water pollution
  • Terrorism
  • Sexism

List of Social Issues in Pakistan

  • Health care reform
  • Misogyny
  • Racism
  • Plagiarism
  • Pornography
  • School standards and testing
  • Voting issues
  • Student loan debt
  • Waste disposal
  • Police brutality

List of Social Issues for Students

  • Rape
  • Green energy
  • Female genital mutilation
  • Media sex and violence
  • Early pregnancy
  • Abortion
  • Stress
  • Literacy
  • Sex education
  • Immigration

Fixing Common Social Issues

While many individuals believe their leaders are to be blamed for whatever they go through, governments, businesses, and communities are attempting to address some of society's major problems. Here are just a few of the initiatives they've taken:

  • Anti-bullying programs are being implemented in schools, according to the PACER National Bullying Preventions Center, which can cut bullying by up to 25%.
  • Adding salad bars to school lunches, focusing on physical fitness, and adding obesity prevention efforts in hospitals are just a few ways that communities have attempted to aid in the battle against childhood obesity.
  • The Affordable Care Act (ACA) was enacted in the United States to address health care accessibility issues and remains a significant political problem.
  • The European Union is making good progress toward its emissions reduction targets and climate change mitigation goals. Other nations are also putting in the effort.

These are the most popular and common social issues people face around the world. If you plan to write an essay, you can choose a topic or get the idea from this list.

However, if you need help with writing your paper, we are here for you. is the best essay writing service that has a team of expert writers. Our essay writers can write an essay, research paper, or any other type of paper on the above-given topics. Moreover, they are capable of writing academic papers on any other topic as well.

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Barbara P


Barbara P (Literature, Marketing)

Dr. Barbara is a highly experienced writer and author who holds a Ph.D. degree in public health from an Ivy League school. She has worked in the medical field for many years, conducting extensive research on various health topics. Her writing has been featured in several top-tier publications.

Dr. Barbara is a highly experienced writer and author who holds a Ph.D. degree in public health from an Ivy League school. She has worked in the medical field for many years, conducting extensive research on various health topics. Her writing has been featured in several top-tier publications.

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